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158                  HISTORY OF PERSIA                 CHAP,
shot at the hero, but held him up to his sons as a model
in valour.
Chengiz detached two units to pursue Jalal-u-Din,
but they failed to discover him. They then attempted
to take Multan, but the heat drove them off, and after
ravaging far and wide they rejoined the main army which
was returning to Tartary.
In the spring of the following year the city of Ghazna
was destroyed for military reasons, and at the same time
a force was despatched to annihilate Herat, which had
rebelled upon hearing of the success of Jalal-u-Din near
Bamian. On this occasion the resistance offered was
desperate, but after a siege of six months and seventeen
days the city fell, and it is said that more than a million
and a half of its inhabitants—an incredible number—were
massacred. A short time afterwards a body of troops
was sent back to the ruins of the city to search "for
survivors, who were killed to the number of two
The Return to Tartary of Chengiz Khan.—Before march-
ing north from India Chengiz Khan ordered the prisoners
to dean a large quantity of rice for the army, and, after
they had done it, massacred them all. He then in the first
instance decided to return to Tartary by way of Tibet,
but on realizing the difficulties of the route cancelled these
orders, recrossed the Hindu Kush, and proceeded to
Bokhara, where he received' instruction in the tenets of
the Moslem religion and ordered the Khutba to be read in
his name. He remained inactive in Central Asia for
over a year and then moved slowly back to his own
country, which he reached in A.D. 1225.
The Devastation of Western and North-Western Persia.—
We must now turn to the armies of Chebe and Subutay,
which had captured Rei and had pursued Mohamed
to the Caspian Sea. Kum was their next objective ;
Hamadan was ^pared in the first instance, but Zenjan
and Kazvin were treated in the awful Mongol fashion.
Tabriz was spared in return for a large sum of money,
and the Mongols proceeded to the plain of Moghan,
near the south-west corner of the Caspian, Contrary to